Publications Archive

Associate Professor Holona L. Ochs

Dr. Ochs published some experimental evidence that shows women lead just like men.


Here are some highlights in brief:
  • Women continue to face glass ceilings, glass walls, and cliffs, which some have attributed to differences in negotiation strategies, confidence, and trust behavior. However, experimental evidence from principal-agent (hierarchical) games indicates men and women negotiate with similar strategies and skill and are often perceived as more trustworthy. Women achieve bargaining outcomes that are not significantly different from men in both principal and agent roles stripped of institutional constraints. Consequently, focusing on context is more likely to be effective at addressing gender pay gaps.   
  • Persistent wage differences between women and men are not likely due to differences in negotiated outcomes in hierarchical settings, Men and women do not reach significantly different negotiated outcomes.
  • Women are not naively trusting or generous (as some stereotypes suggest), and they pursue individual economic self-interest in the same measure as men. However, they are often extended more trust.
  • Books like "Lean In" ignore the institutional constraints that impact women, particularly women of color. Consequently, notions like lean in imply that women don't have the will or skill to lead like men and essentially blame women for the conditions of oppression. Our research demonstrates that focusing on skill or suggesting that women are fundamentally different from men represents a missed opportunity to address gender pay gaps. We found that there are not significant differences between men and women in terms of the negotiation strategies or the bargaining outcomes in the role of boss and employee. However, women may be perceived as more trustworthy. All this suggests that focusing on the context is a more effective way to achieve gender equity.   




Rick Matthews has just published the 5th, update edition, of his co-authored text THE PHILOSOPHIC ROOTS OF MODERN IDEOLOGY: LIBERALISM, CONSERVATISM, MARXISM, FASCISM, NAZISM, ISLAMISM, AND FEMINISM (Sloan Publishing, 2018.) Those of you who have taken POLS 100 will notice the new chapter on Feminism and a new section on Donald Trump. To read a portion of the section on President Trump click here.

is an edited collection on Religion, Gender, and Politics. It explores the contested relationship
between feminism and secularism through a series of case studies, featuring perspectives from
the global North and South. It offers insights beyond those of the Abrahamic traditions, and
includes multiple examples from South Asia. By decentering the European
experience, Postsecular Feminisms shows how secularism and feminism have been constituted
in North America, South Asia, and Anglophone West Africa. 
The book asks: can postsecular feminism offer a way to think about religion and gender so as to
support women in all the variety of their lived experiences? The contributors show that
postsecular feminism is a variety of feminism that is not necessarily either secularist or anti-
secular. Rather it is feminism informed by a history of secularist bias within liberal
feminism. Postsecular Feminisms explores both the potentials and pitfalls of postsecular
feminisms, with some authors arguing that a contextually grounded praxis is possible, while
others make a strong case against postsecular feminism as theory and practice.
The book includes chapters by Lehigh colleagues William Bulman in History and Khurram
Hussain from Religion Studies. The original conversations that developed into this book were
held as part of the CAS Dean’s Dialogue conference on Feminisms Beyond the Secular. Videos
from that gathering are available to the public.

The Immanent Frame is a website sponsored by the Social Sciences Research Council (SSRC) which publishes research on religion, secularism and the public sphere.  Contributions are by invitation usually.


Recent publication

Deo, Nandini (ed). 2018. Postsecular Feminisms: Religion and Gender in Transnational Context

New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
Holona LeAnne Ochs
Presents evidence that the expansion of welfare privatization makes it harder for people to move out of poverty in large numbers.